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On November 13, 2015, the Islamic State ISIS carried out a coordinated terrorist attack in Paris. A total of 130 people were killed, and an additional 413 were wounded. It was the deadliest attack in Paris since World War II. Seven of the attackers died in the assaults.
On November 12th, 2015 three groups of men launched six different attacks. The first set of attacks took place at the National Sports Stadium. The attackers tried to gain access to the stadium where a game was being played between France and Germany but failed, and three suicide bombers blew themselves up outside, killing one other person.
The second group of terrorist attacked patrons at a series of restaurants. Attackers shot at people outside Le Carillon, a café, and bar, before crossing the rue Bichat and shooting people inside the restaurant Le Petit Cambodge. 15 people were killed, and another ten were severely injured. Then terrorist attack the Cafe Boonne Biere and La Casa Nostra were five were killed and eight wounded. Then two gunmen fired at patrons at the La Belle Équipe on the rue de Charonne killing 19 people. At the Comptoir Voltaire Cafe a suicide bomber blew himself up and wounded fifteen people.
The worse attacks took place at the Bataclan theatre where the American group the Eagles Death Metal were playing. Three men with assault weapons entered and began shooting. After killed dozens, they took a number of hostages. The French police mounted a rescue operation that took three minutes. When it was over 90 concertgoers were dead.
The Islamic State or ISIS took credit for the attack. Most of the attackers had been born in France
France terror attack: Teacher decapitated in Paris suburb named as Samuel Paty
The French president describes it as a "cowardly attack", saying the man was killed because he "taught the freedom of expression".
Sunday 18 October 2020 06:30, UK
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The teacher killed in a suburb of Paris in an Islamist terror attack has been named as Samuel Paty, Sky News has confirmed.
Mr Paty, 47, was "assassinated", France's president has said.
The history teacher, who is said to have discussed images of the Prophet Muhammad with his pupils, was beheaded.
The suspected attacker was shot dead about 600 metres from the scene, according to the AP news agency.
According to Le Parisien newspaper, the attacker was an 18-year-old man of Chechen origin, who was carrying a knife.
French anti-terror prosecutor Jean-Francois Ricard said the suspect, who had been granted a 10-year residency in France as a refugee in March, was not known to intelligence services.
He added that a text claiming responsibility and a photograph of Mr Paty were found on the attacker's phone.
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The suspect had been seen at the school asking students about the teacher, and the headteacher said he had received several threatening phone calls.
In an interview with French broadcaster BFMTV, the suspect's uncle insisted there was "no way" his nephew could "just go and cut off a head like that".
He said: "He was discreet, he was nice to everyone, there wasn't anything negative about him.
"If we had known he was into religion, we could have anticipated it, but we actually didn't see it coming.
"If he was alive, I would have told him: 'Why did you do that? What happened in your mind?'
"His father and I would tell him: 'Be careful, don't hang around outside, stay out of trouble'."
Beheading of teacher heightens debate about Islamist terrorism and freedom of speech
The relative went on to stress "we're not killers" in reference to the wider family, adding: "We never told him to do anything."
He then said he hoped the victim's family would accept his condolences as he apologised to wider France.
"My condolences to the family, I hope they will accept our condolences.
"We apologise - in front of the whole of France - we apologise. The Chechen community is not like that.
"The teacher has done his job I have nothing against the teacher. I'm sorry, really, we are grateful to France."
Video of the suspect's last moments is thought to feature the sounds of the gun being fired, followed by a volley of shots as he was killed.
The fatal shots were believed to have fired after the attacker refused to put down his gun.
The weapon was found at his side. Reports say it was an airsoft gun that fired plastic pellets.
The country's anti-terror prosecutor earlier called the incident a stabbing, but both the Reuters and AP news agencies said police sources told them the victim was decapitated.
Witnesses heard the attacker shout "Allahu Akbar", or God is great, Reuters said.
The attack happened on a street in Conflans Sainte-Honorine, northwest of the French capital, at about 5pm local time.
Visiting the scene, Emmanuel Macron called it a "cowardly attack", saying that the man was a "victim of an Islamist terrorist attack" and was killed because he "taught the freedom of expression, of believing and not believing".
The president said France would "protect and defend" its teachers.
France's anti-terrorism prosecutors have said nine suspects have also been arrested, including the grandparents, parents and 17-year-old brother of the attacker.
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Mr Paty reportedly showed images of the Prophet Muhammad in class during a discussion about freedom of expression on 5 October.
A complaint was made and the teacher was later spoken to by police.
Sky News understands that among those who complained was a parent who posted a video online about the incident. That parent is among the nine arrested.
The suspect did not have a child at the school, AP said.
A Twitter thread posted last Friday alleged pupils had been shown cartoons of the prophet.
However, another parent of one of the teacher's pupils said Mr Paty asked Muslim students to raise their hands and to leave the classroom before they were taught about the image.
She said: "My son understood right away - the evening he came home, he understood right away that it was not to discriminate.
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"He told me, no it was not to offend us, it was images that he didn't want us to see. My son understood that at no moment he (teacher) had lacked respect."
The Elysee Palace said that there would be a national ceremony at a future date to pay homage to Mr Paty.
Education minister Jean-Michel Blanquer tweeted that the republic had been attacked through the "despicable assassination of one of its servants".
He added that "unity and firmness are the only answers to the monstrosity of Islamist terrorism".
British foreign secretary Dominic Raab tweeted to express the government's solidarity with France, saying: "My thoughts are with the people of Conflans-Sainte-Honorine this evening following reports of a truly horrific attack. The UK stands in solidarity with France at this time."
It is the second terrorism-related incident since the opening of an ongoing trial on the newsroom massacre in January 2015 at the satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo after the publication of caricatures of the prophet of Islam.
As the trial opened, the paper republished caricatures of the prophet to underscore the right of freedom of expression.
Exactly three weeks ago, a young man from Pakistan was arrested after stabbing, outside the newspaper's former offices, two people who suffered non life-threatening injuries.
The 18-year-old told police he was upset about the publication of the caricatures.
Paris terror attack: France mourns decapitated teacher at rallies
Thousand of people descended onto the streets of France on Sunday to show their support for freedom of speech and commemorate the life of the history teacher who was beheaded near Paris after showing his pupils caricatures of the Prophet Muhammad.
Samuel Paty, who taught history and geography, was decapitated on Friday by an 18-year-old who was born in Moscow of Chechen origin. He was shot dead by police soon after the attack.
Political leaders, associations and unions rallied on Sunday afternoon in Paris and other major French cities such as Lyon, Toulouse, Strasbourg, Nantes, Marseille, Lille and Bordeaux.
The gatherings come as French authorities said they have detained a tenth person in the wake of the gruesome attack in Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, which is 30 km (20 miles) northwest of Paris.
French anti-terrorism prosecutor Jean-Francois Ricard said an investigation for murder with a suspected terrorist motive has been opened.
At least four of those detained are family members of the attacker, who had been granted a 10-year residency in France as a refugee in March. He was armed with a knife and an airsoft gun, which fires plastic pellets.
His half-sister joined Isis in Syria in 2014, Mr Ricard said. He did not give her name, and it is not clear where she is now.
The prosecutor said a text claiming responsibility and a photograph of the victim were found on the suspect's phone.
He also confirmed that a Twitter account under the name Abdoulakh A belonged to the suspect. It posted a photo of the decapitated head minutes after the attack along with the message “I have executed one of the dogs from hell who dared to put Muhammad down”.
The attack has sparked global condemnation – with President Emmanuel Macron saying the nation’s fight against Islamic terrorism is “existential”.
The teacher had received threats after opening a discussion “for a debate” about caricatures about 10 days ago, a police official told the Associated Press. The parent of a student had filed a complaint against the teacher, another police official said.
On Saturday, Prime Minister Jean Castex said France will react with the greatest firmness after the teacher was decapitated.
“Through one of its defenders, it is the Republic which has been struck in the heart by Islamist terrorism,” Mr Castex tweeted.
“In solidarity with its teachers, the State will react with the greatest firmness so that the Republic and its citizens live, free! We will never give up. Never.”
Additional reporting by agencies
Claim: Paris Beheading Victim is Teacher Who Showed Mohammed Cartoon in Freedom of Speech Lesson
1,402 Getty Images
France’s anti-terrorism police are investigating after a man was beheaded in Paris on Friday evening, allegedly by a man shouting “Allah Akbar”.
Update 1900 GMT — killer may have shouted “Allah Akbar”
Wire service Reuters reports witnesses that heard the attacker should “Allah Akbar” — commonly translated as “God is great” or “my God is the greatest” — as he struck. The report notes that police were ‘checking’ these claims.
Read the original story below:
One man was found beheaded in the north-western Paris suburb of Éragny, Val-d’Oise on Friday afternoon, after a police patrol came upon a man carrying a knife. Major French newspaper Le Figaro reports the officers ordered the man to drop his weapons and when he didn’t and acted aggressively towards them they opened fire, killing him.
Shortly afterwards, the decapitated body was discovered by officers, the paper reported. Because the suspect was wearing an explosive vest the officers could not approach the body immediately and bomb disposal officers were called onto the scene.
Évitez secteur boulevard de la commune de Paris et angle boulevard Salengro a Eragny sur Oise pic.twitter.com/iSWKgIMEhW
&mdash Police Nationale 95 (@PoliceNat95) October 16, 2020
Various reports in French media claim the suspect was carrying, in addition to the explosive belt, a knife, gun, or both. It is not clear at what time the original killing took place, but it appears — according to reports — that enough time elapsed for the killer to upload an image of the killing to his Twitter account. While the account was immediately deleted by Twitter, screenshots of the original post have been posted elsewhere and have been reported on by French media.
One quoted the alleged killer’s Twitter comments as: “o Macron, the leader of the infidels, I executed one of your hellhounds who dared to belittle Muhammad.”
The investigation of the attack has been taken on by France’s national counter-terrorism police, who are considering a case of “assassination in connection with a terrorist enterprise”.
Actu17, a news site with links to French law enforcement and Europe-wide radio network Europe1 both report the victim in the beheading was a teacher who had shown cartoons of the Islamic prophet Mohammed during a class, and that this may have been the motivation for the killing. Paris newspaper Le Parisien goes further with the claim, noting sources who claimed the victim was a history teacher who had shown the cartoons as part of a lesson on freedom of expression.
Mohammed Cartoon Attacks in Europe By Jack Montgomery
This is not, by far, the first act of violent extremism over the existence of cartoons portraying Mohammed. Radical Islamic terrorists massacred 12 people in Paris at the offices of the satirical Charlie Hebdo magazine in 2015, including a police protection officer and a building maintenance workers, over its publication of unflattering cartoons of the Islamic prophet.
As recently as last month a Pakistani migrant badly injured two people with a meat cleaver outside those same offices — long vacated by Charlie Hebdo‘s surviving staff — to disrupt the trial of various people connected to the 2015 attack, and the related siege of a kosher supermarket.
Western countries also experienced widespread disorder when Danish outlet Jyllands-Posten published depictions of Mohammed in 2005 — depictions republished by Charlie Hebdo in solidarity.
Abaaoud, 28, is described as the suspected ringleader in the Paris attacks. He died in a long gun battle with police, who raided a flat in Saint-Denis on 18 November.
Investigators believe he was involved in the bar and restaurant killings. His fingerprints were found on a Kalashnikov left in the Seat car abandoned in Montreuil.
He grew up in the Brussels district of Molenbeek and was an associate of Salah Abdeslam.
Implicated in four out of six foiled attacks this year, he was believed to have joined militant group IS in 2013.
Belgian police believe he had been in Athens, directing a militant cell in Verviers in eastern Belgium when it was raided by security forces in mid-January 2015. Although Greek authorities were following him, he managed to evade a police raid, a BBC investigation has found.
He had also been in contact with Mehdi Nemmouche, accused of shooting dead four people at the Jewish Museum in Brussels in May 2014.
Abaaoud's father had become aware in the past month of his son's links to terrorism and believed he had become a psychopath, according to lawyer Nathalie Gallant.
Chakib Akrouh blew himself up using a suicide vest during the police raid on the flat in Saint-Denis.
He is thought to have been the third man involved in the bar and restaurant attacks that left 39 people dead as his DNA was found in the Seat car in which the three killers were driven.
Akrouh, 25, was born and raised in Belgium, of Belgian-Moroccan descent. He travelled to Syria in 2013 and was given a five-year jail sentence in absentia while he was there.
He was killed in the Saint-Denis explosion and it took police eight weeks to identify his remains, by matching his mother's DNA.
France once again on high alert
Interior Minister Gerald Darmanin took part in the memorials, paying tribute outside the Stade de France stadium. France is on high alert again following attacks in recent weeks. "We face a double-edged threat: from outside, people sent from abroad, and a grave internal threat, people who are amongst us, our enemies within. Those threats are increasing," Darmanin told franceinfo radio.
France commemorates 2015 Paris terror attacks — in pictures
Grisly beheading of teacher in terror attack rattles France
PARIS -- For the second time in three weeks, terror struck France, this time with the gruesome beheading of a history teacher in a street in a Paris suburb. The suspected attacker was shot and killed by police.
French President Emmanuel Macron denounced what he called an “Islamist terrorist attack” and urged the nation to stand united against extremism. The teacher had discussed caricatures of Islam's Prophet Muhammad with his class, authorities said.
The French anti-terrorism prosecutor opened an investigation for murder with a suspected terrorist motive. Four people, one a minor, were detained hours later, the office of anti-terror prosecutor Jean-Francois Ricard said without elaborating. Police typically fan out to find family and friends of potential suspects in terror cases.
Macron visited the school where the teacher worked in the town of Conflans-Saint-Honorine and met with staff after the slaying. An Associated Press reporter saw three ambulances at the scene, and heavily armed police surrounding the area and police vans lining leafy nearby streets.
“One of our compatriots was murdered today because he taught . the freedom of expression, the freedom to believe or not believe,” Macron said.
He said the attack shouldn’t divide France because that’s what the extremists want. “We must stand all together as citizens,” he said.
The incident came as Macron’s government works on a bill to address Islamist radicals who authorities claim are creating a parallel society outside the values of the French Republic. France has the largest Muslim population in Western Europe with up to 5 million members, and Islam is the country’s No. 2 religion.
A police official said the suspect, armed with a knife and an airsoft gun — which fires plastic pellets — was shot dead about 600 meters (yards) from where the male teacher was killed after he failed to respond to orders to put down his arms, and acted in a threatening manner.
The teacher had received threats after opening a discussion “for a debate” about the caricatures about 10 days ago, the police official told The Associated Press. The parent of a student had filed a complaint against the teacher, another police official said, adding that the suspected killer did not have a child at the school.
An ID card was found at the scene but police were verifying the identity, the police official said. French media reported that the suspect was an 18-year-old Chechen, born in Moscow. That information could not be immediately confirmed.
France has seen occasional violence involving its Chechen community in recent months, in the Dijon region, the Mediterranean city of Nice, and the western town of Saint-Dizier, believed linked to local criminal activity.
It was not known what link, if any, the attacker might have with the teacher or whether he had accomplices. Police were fanning out on searches of homes and potential family and friends of the man in question, the police official said.
The two officials could not be named because they were not authorized to discuss ongoing investigations.
“We didn't see this coming,” Conflans resident Remi Tell, who as a child had attended the Bois D'Aulne middle school, said on CNews TV station. He described the town as peaceful.
It was the second terrorism-related incident since the opening of an ongoing trial for the January 2015 newsroom massacre at the satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo, which had published caricatures of the prophet of Islam.
As the trial started, the paper republished caricatures of the prophet to underscore the right of freedom of expression. Quickly, a young man from Pakistan was arrested after stabbing two people with a meat cleaver outside the newspaper's former offices. They did not suffer threatening injuries.The 18-year-old told police he was upset about the publication of the caricatures.
In a video posted recently on social media, a man describing himself as a father at the school said the teacher who was slain had recently shown an offensive image of a man and told students it was “the prophet of the Muslims.” Before showing the images, the teacher asked Muslim children to leave the room because he planned to show something shocking, the man said.
“What was the message he wanted to send these children? . Why does a history teacher behave this way in front of 13-year-olds?” the man asked. He called on other angry parents to contact him, and relay the message.
Michel Euler in Conflans-Saint-Honorine, Angela Charlton in Paris and Nicolas Vaux-Montagny in Lyon contributed to this report.
21:25 Gun attack on Rue Alibert
Meanwhile, other attacks were unfolding nearer to the centre of town, around popular nightlife spots. The first took place at about 21:25 in the 10th district (arrondissement), not far from the Place de la Republique.
The gunmen arrived at the scene in a black Seat car, later found abandoned, about three miles (nearly 5km) away in the eastern suburb of Montreuil.
Witnesses at Le Carillon bar, 18 rue Alibert, said they initially thought a firecracker had gone off before realising that they were under fire from semi-automatic rifles.
"People dropped to the ground. We put a table over our heads to protect us," said Ben Grant, who was with his wife at the back of the bar.
Restaurant attack: Le Petit Cambodge
Witnesses describe how a man then crossed the road and turned his gun on a restaurant, Le Petit Cambodge (Little Cambodia).
Fifteen people died in the attack on the bar and restaurant, with 15 severely injured. More than 100 bullets were fired.
How is France reacting?
In the National Assembly, France's parliament, deputies stood up to honour the teacher killed on Friday and condemn the "atrocious terror attack".
Interior Minister Gerald Darmanin, travelling to Morocco, is returning urgently to Paris.
Education Minister Jean-Michel Blanquer tweeted that the killing of a teacher was an attack on the French Republic.
He said his thoughts were with the victim and his family, and unity and firmness were the only responses to "Islamist terrorism".
Ce soir, c’est la République qui est attaquée avec l’assassinat ignoble de l’un de ses serviteurs, un professeur.&mdash Jean-Michel Blanquer (@jmblanquer) October 16, 2020
Je pense ce soir à lui, à sa famille.
Notre unité et notre fermeté sont les seules réponses face à la monstruosité du terrorisme islamiste.
Nous ferons face .